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World crude steel output increases by 0.8% in 2016

January 25, 2017 - World crude steel production reached 1,628.5 million tonnes (Mt) for the year 2016, up by 0.8% compared to 2015. Crude steel production decreased in Europe, the Americas and Africa. Crude steel production increased in the CIS, the Middle East, Asia and Oceania.

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Annual production for Asia was 1,125.1 Mt of crude steel in 2016, an increase of 1.6% compared to 2015. China’s crude steel production in 2016 reached 808.4 Mt, up by 1.2% on 2015. China’s share of world crude steel production increased from 49.4% in 2015 to 49.6% in 2016. Japan produced 104.8 Mt in 2016, down by -0.3% compared to 2015. India’s crude steel production for 2016 was 95.6 Mt, up by 7.4% on 2015. South Korea produced 68.6 Mt of crude steel in 2016, a decrease of -1.6% compared to 2015.

In 2016, the EU (28) produced 162.3 Mt of crude steel, a decrease of -2.3% compared to 2015. Germany produced 42.1 Mt of crude steel in 2016, down by -1.4% over 2015. Italy produced 23.3 Mt in 2016, an increase of 6.0% over 2015. Spain produced 13.7 Mt of crude steel in 2016, a decrease of -0.8% compared to 2015.

2016 crude steel production in North America was 111.0 Mt, the same amount as in 2015. The US produced 78.6 Mt of crude steel, down by -0.3% on 2015.

Crude steel production in the CIS was 102.4 Mt in 2016, 0.8% higher than in 2015. Russia produced 70.8 Mt of crude steel in 2016, down by -0.1% on 2015. Ukraine recorded an increase of 5.5% with a year-end figure of 24.2 Mt.

Annual crude steel production for South America was 39.2 Mt in 2016, a decrease of -10.6% on 2015. Brazil produced 30.2 Mt in 2016, down by -9.2% compared to 2015.

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In December 2016, world crude steel production for the 66 countries reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 134 Mt, an increase of 5.5% compared to December 2015. The crude steel capacity utilisation ratio of the 66 countries in December 2016 was 68.1%. This is 2.8 percentage points higher than December 2015. The average capacity utilisation in 2016 was 69.3% compared to 69.7% in 2015.

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Additional data including a more detailed summary of world crude steel production, a list of the top steel-producing countries, and the monthly crude steel production data for December can be found at worldsteel.org.

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